If we talk about poker, we talk about Texas Hold’em. The quintessential variant of cards has positioned itself as the most practiced and widespread among players. However, not everything is reduced to this modality.

The Omaha poker variant, derived from Texas Hold’em, also has a large public, who defend it as the most exciting variant of all the existing ones. Derived from Texas Hold’em, it shares a series of basic characteristics with the latter, such as the objective of the game or the value of the combinations.

Texas Hold’em and Omaha Poker are considered the two most popular poker variants, but what is each one and what are their basic differences? We explain them below.

Texas Holdem Poker: fundamental characteristics

Texas Hold’em poker is the most widespread and practiced variant of this card game. The vast majority of players have taken their first steps with the cards in the hand of this popular variant.

In general terms, Texas Hold’em poker is characterized by its simplicity and ease with which any player becomes familiar with its rules and can start playing poker in a short time.

In this modality, each player receives two hand cards, hidden, which will only be revealed in the final round or showdown. These two cards have to be combined with the five community cards, which will remain uncovered in the center of the table after successive rounds of betting.

The blinds are, perhaps, one of its most characteristic and main elements. We are talking about the small blind and the big blind, the former corresponding to half the value of the latter.  That is, if the big blind is €2, the small blind will be €1.

These blinds rotate in each hand and occupy the place immediately after the dealer, who, in order to have equal opportunities, is represented by a large chip called “button” or “dealer”, which moves to represent that position in turn, and those of the two mandatory bets: the big blind and the small blind.

Thus, the small blind is the first to speak, then the big blind, and then the successive players.

After a first round of betting, known as preflop, in which the players bet on the basis of their hole cards, 3 community cards are dealt in the center of the green table. We are on the flop.

It is worth remembering that many players, those who correspond to the tight profile, reach this betting round only when they have a strong hand. Otherwise, they fold preflop. This type of strategy and way of playing poker is very suitable to avoid losses and manage your bankroll, which is the amount of chips / money that a player has.

Another round of betting takes place, which opens the way to the fourth card, known as the turn. Another round of betting takes place and, the players who are still at the table, reach the fifth card or river. After this, the last betting round or showdown takes place before showing the hidden cards.

Omaha: how to play this poker modality

Omaha poker is the second most popular poker variant, after Texas Hold’em. It could be said that this variant derives from Texas Hold’em, although it presents a series of distinctive features that allow us to speak of it as a separate variant.

In general, Omaha is played in Hi mode, that is to say, the player with the highest hand wins. However, remember that there is also the Hi/Lo mode, in which the pot is divided between the best High hand and the best Low hand. With the latter, players have more freedom because they can choose between the high hand or the low hand.

In Omaha poker, the game is played with a total of 9 cards, 4 hidden cards for each player and 5 community cards, which are dealt in successive betting rounds, as in Texas Hold’em.

Likewise, the different betting phases are: preflop, where players receive their hole cards; flop, when 3 community cards are dealt; turn, when the fourth face-up card appears and river, the fifth and last community card in Omaha Poker.

The hand ends with the showdown, moment of the game when the players who have reached the last betting round show their hole cards.

To summarize: what are the most important differences between the two variants?

As you have seen, Texas Hold’em and Omaha poker are two poker modalities with their own characteristics that make them unique. Here are the most important differences between the two variants:

Number of hole cards

In Texas Hold’em, the objective is to hit the best combination of 7 cards, using 5 cards. On the other hand, in Omaha poker, out of a total of 9 cards between hole cards and community cards, players have to hit the best combination of 5 cards, using 2-hole cards and 3 community cards.

This difference is what makes the Omaha variant more difficult. There are many players who do not take into account the obligation to use two of the four cards or overvalue the combination they have in hand, as we explain below.

Strategic differences

When talking about the differences between Omaha poker vs Texas Holdem, we cannot forget the different strategies to be developed in each of them.

For example, in Texas Hold’em, a pair of hands is reason to bet preflop. However, in Omaha poker it is necessary to value very well the strength of the pair, even when we have pair of aces or pair of kings.

It is worth remembering that this combination is much more frequent in Omaha than in Texas Hold’em, since 4 cards are dealt instead of 2, multiplying the probabilities of receiving these hands.

Betting structures

In poker, you can play according to different betting structures:

  • Pot limit: the player can bet the amount of the pot (for example, £100 in a £100 pot). This is the most popular variant of Omaha.
  • No limit: the player can bet any amount, up to the total of his chips.
  • Fixed limit: specific betting limits apply to each game and betting round.

Each of the poker modalities has its own betting structure par excellence, different in the case of Texas Hold’em and Omaha poker. In the case of the former, the structure par excellence is No Limit while, in the case of Omaha poker, Pot Limit is the most practiced format.